The longnose gar, or the Lepisosteus osseus, is one of the four gar species native to the United States. They often swim in canals, lakes, and freshwater streams with abundant sand and mud, looking for aquatic vegetation. Most of their populations gather in the North Central, Peninsula, and Western drainages such as the Mississippi Basin, Choctawhatchee River, and Lake Okeechobee.
It’s not uncommon for newbie fish enthusiasts to mistake the longnose gar for Florida, spotted, or alligator gar. The longnose gar has a more slender and aquadynamic body type than these species. It also has a bigger air bladder behind a longer snout that can extend to more than twice the length of its head.
Its air bladder allows the longnose gar to survive for long periods in oxbows, backwaters, and poorly oxygenated parts of lakes and mid-sized rivers. The adult longnose can grow to lengths that exceed five feet, with an average weight of around 15 to 20 pounds. The Florida State record for the biggest longnose is a touch above 40 pounds.
The longnose gar has a breeding season that stretches from the cold months of December and January to March. Females will place their eggs over plants and grass in shallow water and wait for males to fertilize them. Longnose gars in aquariums are always wild-caught as it’s nearly impossible to breed them in captivity without the help of hormones.
Feeds and Feeding
The longnose gar is a carnivorous fish that needs a steady diet of fortified chopped mussels, clams, and cockles to stay healthy. Many aquarium owners feed them freshwater injured baitfish, thawed beef hearts, and smelt. Young longnose gars have a speedy metabolism, so be sure to feed them at least two guppies per day.
Longnose gars can be aggressive and predatory towards smaller fish, so similar-sized tankmates like channel catfish, adult Texas cichlids, and centrarchids are ideal cohabitants. However, if it grows much larger than these fishes, it might see them as food.
Longnose gars are timid but territorial ambush predators. Be careful when introducing a new fish to a tank with more than a few gars inside.
How Long Do Longnose Gars Live?
Longnose gars have an average lifespan of 25 years, although many owners report they’re capable of reaching 30 years old.
Are Longnose Gars Hardy?
Longnose gars are highly tolerant to fussy aquarium conditions and high water temperatures. They only need a small amount of oxygen to survive. They prefer aquariums with many submerged and floating plants that simulate their natural habitat.
While this is a rare occurrence, it can and will happen from time to time. Fish are live animals and we cannot ensure that every one will arrive alive or remain alive.We do ask that if your fish arrives dead (DOA), submit a picture of the deceased fish that is in the bag within 2 hours of the delivery time of your fish. We will work quickly with you to resolve the problem.
We will offer replacement fish for any losses, but do not offer refunds at this time. We can replace fish butshipping costs is the responsibilityof the buyer.If you put the fish in your tank and it dies or is not acting properly, please contact us, with pictures,within 24 hours. We will again, do everything in our power to resolve the issue and ensure that you have a great experience with these fish.
Most Shipments will be 2-day unless otherwise noted. We shipfish on Mondays and Tuesdays only (excluding holidays) to ensure fish arrive before weekends. This allows us to completely prepare the fish for shipping andensure they are healthy prior to arriving at your door. All fish will be shipped with oxygenated water and specific additives in the water to ensurethey maintain their health and stability during shipment. Depending on the species of fish and current weather conditions, the fish may arrive with a heat pack or ice pack to maintain the optimal temperature which further ensures thehealth and safety of your fish. All costs of shipping (postage, packaging,heat/ice packs, etc.) are included in the Shipping fee. We ship to only thecontinental United States and are unable to ship to P.O. boxes, must bephysical address.
"The fish I received do not look like the fish in thepicture. Why is this?"
- We typically take photographs of one or two fish when we initially get them in. Since we have a large quantity of most of the various species of fish, it would be understandably impossible to provide a picture ofevery individual fish with a specific species. For some of our more rare orlarger fish, the picture listed may be the actual fish that you are receiving.If this is the case, it will be designated by ?WYSIWYG?, meaning ?what you see,is what you get?.
"What happens if my fish arrive dead?"
- While this is a rare occurrence, it can and willhappen from time to time. Fish are live animals and we cannot ensure that everyone will arrive alive or remain alive.We do ask that if your fisharrives dead (DOA), submit a picture of the deceased fish that is in the bag.We will work quickly with you to resolve the problem. We will offer replacement fish for any losses, but do not offer refunds at this time. We will reship any replacement fish at the buyer's expense.If you put the fish in your tank and it dies or is not acting properly, please contact us, with pictures, within 24 hours. We will again, do everything in our power to resolvethe issue and ensure that you have a great experience with these fish.
"What if I'm not home when the fish arrive?"
- We will always provide you with a tracking number. While the fish are packaged to survive about 72+ hours within the shipping containers, we do ask that you make arrangements to arrive home to inspect your fish as soon as possible after they are delivered to your home. Itis always suggested to provide an area for the delivery person to place the boxthat is out of direct sunlight or extreme temperatures.
"What do I do with my fish once I've unpacked them?"
- Like you would with any new fish, let the entire bag float in your tank for 15-30 minutes. This allows the temperature withinthe bag to adjust to the same as your tank and will reduce temperature shock onthe fish. After this time, you can add all of the fish and water that is in thebag into your tank. The products used within the water for shipping will notharm any existing fish within your tank and actually makes the transition foryour new fish a bit easier. After this, expect your new fish to take a few daysto become fully adjusted, this includes hiding, floating at the top, sinking tothe bottom, and not eating. After a few days, your new fish should be acting aswimming like they normally would. At this point, enjoy your aquarium!
"I want to return my new fish because x,y,z?"
- Unfortunately, we are unable to accept returns.We do recommend contacting us via email with yourorder number and as much information as possible. We will try to assist you inresolving whatever the issue may be.
Dwarf Neon Rainbowfish:What We Like About This Fish:⠀ Active, schooling community fish that thrives in planted aquariums⠀ Compatible with many invertebrates⠀ Adults display brilliant red and blue coloration⠀ Active and easy to feed